各地
资讯
当前位置: 考呗网 > 教师资格 > 模拟试题 > 中学教育知识与能力 >

中学英语教师资格证笔试高频知识点解读(二)之英语学科教学知识与能力(最新发布)

蚂蚁考呗网     [ 2019-11-12 ]   点击次数:

(1)分析其教学目标;(10分); (2)分析其设计思路。(20分)

语音教学虽然考的频率较低,但是相对其他知识点而言,更为生僻,所以需要考生对其加以理解,以备不时之需。现将语音重点罗列呈现如下:

语音教学原则:

准确性原则:教师自身的发音要准确,具备必备的并采用科学的合理的,适合学生发展机制的方法教授语音,选取恰当的材料辅助语音教学。

多样性:采用多样化的教学段,给学生提供不同形式的语音材料,如音素、音标、单词、句子以及语意、语篇等各个层面结合起来,将正式、非正式、语速慢的、语速正常的不同形式的语音输入呈现给学生。

情境性:把语音呈现融入到有意义的语言材料,结合有情境的语音练习和任务性的语音练习加以巩固。

趣味性:语音教学要体现趣味性,如做游戏、比赛、绕口令、唱歌曲等方式,可以借助图片、实物、动画等教具,使语音教学趣味化。

语音教学练习方法:语音教学练习方式多种多样,但在练习层次上需要遵循从单音练习(focusing on a sound)到知觉/领会性练习(perception practice)即培养学生辨别和区分不同语音能力,同时还在具体语境中练习发音,最后到生成性练习(production practice),从机械模仿到有意义的语境中发出语音。

语音教学活动设计:就辨音练习活动设计中,可采用 “最小对立体” “排序” “找出发音不同的单词” “完成单词” “配对找家人”等; 就单词在句中或篇章中的活动设计而言,可采用听句或语篇完成它们,或者圈划,也可让学生绕口令或者看图说话。

② 词汇教学:在近年真题中词汇教学相关知识点出现的频率也较多,考点大多数也是基于词汇教学方法、基本原则及其活动设计等,如

【真题示例】

Which of the following assumptions about vocabulary learning contradicts the modern language teaching theories?

A. The best way to learn word s is to use them.

B. The best way to learn vocabulary is via rote-learning.

C. An English dictionary is an important aid to students.

D. Learning a word involves learning more than just the word itself.

【真题示例】

The correct meaning of a lexical item in a given context is ___

A. the one provided in a dictionary

B. the one which best fits the context

C. the central or core meaning of the item

D. the one which is assumed to be correct

When you focus on “utterance function” and “expected response” by using examples like “apology/ acceptance, inform/ acknowledge”, you are probably teaching language at the ___A__

【真题示例】

A. lexical level B. discourse level C. story level D. grammatical level

Asking students to explain new words in a text with known words is NOT an act of ___B___

【真题示例】

A. elicitation B. reinforcement C. management D. production

英语课堂上教师教授词汇,其内容主要包括词汇的意义、词汇的用法、词汇的记忆策略等;所采用的教学模式有PPA(presentation, practice, application/assessment);情景教学模式,如教授食物类词汇可创设去餐厅的情境;语篇教学模式,词不离句,句不离篇,词汇教学一般从对话或课文中选择重点词汇进行讲授练习。

教师在讲解词汇时,可采用图形,教学用品,模仿动作,同义词或反义词,使用下义词,翻译和举例子等方法。讲解后,教师要让学生通过听觉、视觉等方式多种方式进行巩固,常用方式如下:利用实物、图片或者动作等方式直观呈现词汇;根据科学规律记忆单词如派生词、合成词、同类词、缩略词、近义反义词等;在语境中教授词汇,词汇教学不宜脱离句和文,孤立地让学生读、译、背词汇表,主张在语境中让学生猜单词,讲解新单词,讲解尽量用英语,培养直接用英语思维,切忌死记硬背;在执行任务的过程中进行词汇教学,即任务型教学法

词汇教学在资格证笔试中考查地较灵活,相比较语音和语法教学,其难度较低,考生只要掌握词汇教学基本方法、基本原则、活动设计等知识点即可。

③语法教学:相较于语音和词汇教学,语法教学是资格证更加偏爱的考点,其往年出现的频率在三者之间也是最高的。

【真题示例】

A teacher handed out a list of twenty “if” sentences and asked students to discuss and find out the grammatical rules. What is the teacher’s grammar teaching method? ___D__

A. Deduction B. Presentation Consolidation D. Induction

【真题示例】

The ____ method is more fitted to the explicit presentation of grammar when the basic structure is being identified.

A. inductive B. contrastive C. comparative D. deductive

【真题示例】

When a teacher intends to introduce a new grammar item, which of the following strategies can be used to get students to notice it? ______

A. Transformation B. Input enhancement C. Expansion D. Substitution

【真题示例】

Which of the following may better check students’ ability of using a grammatical structure?

A. Having them work out the rule B. Having them give some examples

C. Having them explain the meaning D. Having them explain the structure

其不仅以客观题的形式出现,也会以主观题考查,如:

【真题示例】

评论责编::admin
相关推荐
热点推荐»